Illustrated Encyclopedia of
Look for Special Feature pages for expanded studies!
The following are all known
entries related to harp guitars, hollow-arm "pseudo"
harp guitars, "harp guitars" only in name, and similar
Compiled by Gregg Miner
|Name (Date of birth-death)
Location during instrument production
|Date of specific instrument (+/or patent) or years of production||Instrument form(s) built (+/or patented) applicable to this study||Instrument example(s)|
|Abel, Roger Alain||France||1979||harp guitar patent|
|Abelspies, John F.C.||Glasgow, Scotland (U.S. Patent)||1893||harp guitar patent|
Michael Holmes of Mugwumps Online lists 3 different Adams entries, spanning the timeframe at right: Adams & Loffmark, Adams Bros. & Co., and Adams, Loffmark & Wright.
|Dwight, IL||1894-1903+||harp guitar|
|Adler, Johannes||Markneukirchen||c.1933||harp guitar|
|Akeson, Charles||Minneapolis, MN||1893-?||harp guitars|
Known from a single listing in a 1938 Sotheby's auction: "An Italian guitar, the peghead with three extra strings, in rose and pinewood."
|Allison, S. O.
Two mandolinettos are known by this maker and this one harp guitar, of which the original neck is missing. Curiously, the bridge shows that it had 5 sub-basses and 3 trebles! - likely a fascinating specimen if a complete one ever turns up. -GM
|St. Louis, MO||July 4, 1899 (stamped on back strip)||harp guitar|
The label on the left specimen reads "Manufacturers of and dealers in the Celebrated Almcrantz guitars and all kinds of musical instruments"; the right specimen label is unreadable.
|Chicago, IL||pre-1895+||harp guitar patent and instruments|
|Altpeter, Franz W. Special Feature!||Chicago, IL||1922-1928||harp guitar patent, harp guitars, harp ukes|
|Amberger, Max||München||c.1902-1913||harp guitars|
|American Conservatory (see Lyon & Healy)|
This is likely the "Carl A. Anderson" described as making a "stringed harp-guitar" called a "Zion's Harp" in the 1850-1940 San Francisco Musical Trade journal. All known Carl Anderson instruments have the "C" middle initial.
|San Francisco||c.1896-1907||hollow arm guitar|
|Anderson, Otto (builder for Chris Knutsen) Special Feature!||Port Townsend, OR||c.1895-1898||harp guitars, hollow arm guitars & violin|
|Anfossi, Jean-Pierre||Seine, France||1923||harp guitar patent|
|Angerer, Franz II (1851-1924)
Angerer was a pupil of the Viennese makers Ferdinad and Leopold Feilnreiter.
Arkhuzen / Arhuzen / Argusen / Archusen
Ivan F. Arkhuzen of St. Petersburg came second in Makaroff's competition. Unfortunately, there were only six guitars entered into the competition and so there was not much choice for the nine panelists. - Stephen Sedgwick
A whole family of luthiers, originally from Denmark. Robert Arhuzen was arguably the best. Spelling is an issue, since we get it back from the Cyrillics, but in the original tongue it would be (probably) Arhuzen. -Oleg Timofeyev
|Arias, Vicente (1840-1913)
An important maker in Spanish guitar history. There are about 28 Arias guitars in existence. -Stephen Sedgwick
Vicente Arias made guitars around 1870. He lived and worked in Ciudad Real, and at the end of his career he had a workshop in Madrid. His instruments display a remarkable mastery, comparable to those of Antonio Torres and Manuel Ramirez. Some famous guitarists like Francisco Tarrega played the guitars of Vicente Arias. In the course of his career Arias received various prestigious prizes at exhibitions in Barcelona, Madrid, Brussels and Buenos Aires. According to an up-to-date census, there are 24 guitars by Vicente Arias in existence. -from site of Raphaella Smits
|Arkhuzen, Robert I. (1844-1920)||Moscow||.||harp guitar|
Bates' "harpitar" has a strange guitar neck, but no unfretted strings.
|New York > Connecticutt||1918||"harp guitar" only in name|
|Bauer, Anton||Linz, Austria||c.1903-1905||harp guitar|
Collector Rainer Krause says that Bauer worked for a time for Stauffer, and this instrument was likely built between 1840 and 1850.
|Klingenthal (Saxonia)||c.1840-1850||harp guitar|
|Bauer, Matthäus||Vienna||1836-?||harp guitar|
|Bay State (John C. Haynes Co. brand name)||Boston||c.1894||harp guitar|
|Behee, Joseph H.
|Kansas City, MO||c.1907-1917||hollow arm guitars (lyre form, but called "harp guitar")|
|Berardi, Angelo||Missoula, Montana||1922||harp guitar|
|Beuscher, P.||Paris||1920s?||harp guitar|
114 rue de la marlière
|Biehl, Tony||Davenport, IA||1894-1904||harp guitars|
|Birrer, John B.||Newton, KS||1894||hollow arm guitar patent|
Studied violinmaking under Wilhelm Rupprecht. His single extant harp guitar is based on a Scherzer 10-string.
|Body, Otto (1835-)||Innsbruck||c.1880||harp guitar|
|Bohmann, Joseph (1848-1928)
|Chicago, IL||1876-1930||harp guitars, sympathetic string instruments|
|Boothe, Albert||Colfax, IA||1928||harp guitar-zither hybrid patent|
|Braun & Hauser||Munich||c.1913||harp guitar|
|Brawer, Anton||.||1863||harp guitar|
|Brenes, Leonardo||Costa Rica||c.1950||hollow arm guitar|
A publisher of tango sheet music and also a music store
|Buenos Aires||c.1910-1920||harp guitar|
|Brock, Alfred||Stockholm, Sweden||1910||false Swedish lutes|
|Brown, Carl||Columbus, Ohio||1896||patent for "harp guitar" in name only|
|Brückner, Fritz Arnold||Markneukirchen||1930s?||harp guitars|
|Brünn, Josef Lidl||Mähren, Germany||.||theorboed lute-guitar|
(Bruno & Sons)
This company offered unique harp guitars with doubled courses on the neck - most commonly standard "12-string guitar" configuration, but also with 10 strings-on-the-neck (just 4 lower courses doubled). -GM
|Buchsteiner, Helmut||.||1985||harp guitars|
|Calace||.||.||hollow arm mandolins (harp and lyre forms)|
Cesare Candi was an important musical
instrument maker who worked in the last quarter of the 19th
century up to well in the 2nd quarter of the 20th
century. Besides instruments of the violin family he made excellent
mandolins and guitars (6-string and models with additional bass strings)
in the Italian style and tradition.
|Genoa, Italy||1890's-19?||harp guitars, chitarpa (both
non-harp guitar and true harp guitar forms)
The latter 3 may have been built in conjunction with his brother below
Born Nov. 27, 1865, Oreste was the brother of Cesare, above.
|Genoa, Italy||1890's-19?||harp guitars|
|Caron||France||1784,1785||hybrid harp-guitar-like instrument|
|Carlson, G. A.||Chicago, IL||c.1900||harp guitar|
Carmelo (& Co.)
Catania's fanciful harp
guitar graphic used as his logo may have been a real instrument!
One very similar was found.
|Italy||?-1939||harp guitar design, harp guitar|
|Cera, Giovanni & Rino||Melbourne, Australia||c.1946||harp mandolin and harp guitar|
|Cochran, C.||Muncie, Indiana||c.1900||harp guitar|
|College Line (see Lyon & Healy)|
See Blog Series
|Portland, OR||c.1915-1920s||harp guitars|
|Crafton (brand)||Gothenburg, Sweden||c.1950||false Swedish lute|
|Dahlmann Manufacturing Co., Henry
Founded in 1893 in St. Paul, MN by Henry Dahlman, Swan
H. Peterson, L.H. Lundgren, Peter Dahlman, and Amos C. Sardeson. By 1895
they had re-located to Minneapolis and still listed there in 1899. -
|Minneapolis, MN||1893-1899+||harp guitar patent and instruments|
|De Barbieri, Paolo||Genoa, Italy||c.1920||harp guitar|
|Deleplanque, Gerard J.
Gerard J. Deleplanque from Lille, France, was a maker of citterns; he has a surviving arch-cittern with a keyed box system from 1792. But some ten years before that, in 1782 he built a ten stringed guitar. - Stephen Sedgwick
|Lille, France||.||harp guitar|
|Detmering, J.Ch. (established in 1858)||Hamburg||.||harp guitar|
|Dietrich, Horst||.||.||harp guitar|
|Dominguez, Manuel||Buenos Aires||1920||harp guitar|
|Dworan, August||Vienna||1908||harp guitar|
|Dyer & Bro., W.J. Special Features (also see Iconography: Larsons and A Dyer Detective Story)||St. Paul, MN||1871-1939||harp guitars and hollow arm mandolin family|
|Egildo, Emanuele||.||1926||harp guitar|
|Enzensperger (Enzensberger, Enzersberger), Bernard I (1788-1865)
Bernard I was taught by Georg Thir in Vienna. In 1812 he opened a workshop of his own. He was preoccupied with acoustic studies. In 1831 he had the so-called acoustic guitar patented, after which he chiefly made guitars and zithers.
|Enzensperger (Enzensberger, Enzersberger), Bernard II (1829-1896)
Bernard II also built harp guitars, resulting in some confusion about dates.
|Eroshkin (Yeroshkin), Mikhail Vasillievich (1870-1922)||Ryazan, Russia||1908||harp guitar|
|Favilla Bros||New York||c1910||harp guitar|
10-string guitar model by "built in Modena in the years 1853-1883." - "Classical Guitar in Russia and the Soviet Union" by Yablokov
|Fievez, F. (unknown if the builder or
This instrument is an 18th century 10-string guitar,
with 10 single string courses. It pre-dates the Carulli-era 10-string
guitar and must have co-existed with the very earliest 6-course guitars
invented. - Len Verrett
|Lille, France||18th century||harp guitar|
As mentioned in Makarov's Memoirs, Fisher's name was given as the best guitar maker in Vienna (as Staufer the elder had stopped making guitars in 1848), and Makarov had a 9-string guitar built. He decided that Scherzer's were better.
|Fisher, Carl||New York, NY||c.1902||harp guitar|
|Forg, Josef||Munich||c.1930||harp guitar|
|Fuchs, Heinrich||Munich||c.1924||harp guitar, theorboed lute-guitar|
|Funk, Charles||Missouri||1904||harp guitar sub-bass pitch-changing patent|
|Fürst, Hans||Mittenwald||.||harp guitar|
His instruments are labeled "Antonio Monzino & Figli"or "Monzino e Garlandini Milano" (sold through the Monzino & Sons shop)
|Milan||1910-1930||harp guitar, harp mandolins|
|Gallesi, G.||Rome||.||harp guitar|
Gamberini ran the plucked stringed area of Mozzani's School-Workshop around 1930, then later joined Mozzani privately when the school closed. -GM
|Gardelli, Federico (see Longobardi)||Naples||.||hollow-arm mandolin|
|Garganese, Vito||Monopoli, Italy||1915||harp guitar|
|Gaskins, Claude H.
Only one instrument similar to this patent drawing is known - made by Martin (see Martin). - GM
|Shamokin, PA||1895||hollow arm mandolin (harp form)|
(fanciful Italian guitars-on-a-stand which Pasquale Taraffo played)
|Genoa, Italy||1900's - 1923||harp guitars|
|Geipel, Reinhold||Fleissen, Bohemia||.||harp guitars|
|Geittner, Wilhelm|| Breslau
|Gelmini, Giovanni||Italy||1844||harp guitar|
label of 1st specimen reads: Fabbrica di Chitarre-mandolini,
|Kalamazoo, MI||1890-present||harp guitars|
|Buenos Aires||.||harp guitar|
|Gindlesperger, John W.
Neither one of the two extant specimens are labeled. The left specimen was sold on EBay as such, presumably with input from a vintage guitar expert. The right specimen has a similar aesthetic and design in many ways and has a similar bridge.
|Kansas City, MO||1898-1926+||harp guitars|
|Giulietti, Tullio (father)
Giulietti, Armando (son: 1903-1990)
Their instruments were usually sold through the shop of Monzino & Sons. Some instruments were built in collaboration with his father, Tullio. (thanks to Roger Belloni for information)
|Glaesel, Oscar||Markneukirchen||c.1920||harp guitar|
|Godone, Carlo||Turin||c.1800||hollow arm guitar|
|Goldklang||.||.||false Swedish lute, theorboed lute-guitar|
See Brown, Carl and
|New York City||1897||"harp guitar" in name only|
|Gottsmann, Max||Markneukirchen||.||harp guitar|
The extant "basslaute" has a faded "Gotz" inscribed on the soundboard, but is not the Johann Götz of Viennese, ca. 1814-1827.
|Gould, H.Y.||Tennessee||1911||harp guitar|
|Graslitz, Anton Hüller
The label inside shows "Bohmen" but then reads: "Anton Hüller Graslitz K& K Hoflieferant und Kammerlieferant Seiner K u. K Hoheit des hochw. durchlauchigsten Herrn Erzherzog Eugen v. Österreich"(Austria)
|Bohemia? Austria?||.||harp guitar|
192 Grand Street, New York, NY
|New York||c.1920||harp guitars|
|Grosjean, J. F.||.||ca. 1840||"harp guitar" in name only (double harp-guitar)|
(from 1896 Brown patent # 568,108)
An early predecessor of the American "12-string guitar"-
called "harp-guitar" due to the extra tone and volume of the 4 doubled
|New Orleans, LA||c. 1896||"harp-guitar" in name only|
|Guadagnini, Gaetano||Torino, Italy||1834-1839||harp guitars|
|Güttler, Franz Xav.||Vienna||1908||harp guitar||
7 sub-bass Viennese kontragitarre
|Hagberg, John||Tacoma, WA||1898||hollow arm guitar patent|
1/20/1864-6/16/1851. Studied violinmaking under Ignaz J. Bucher.
(also spelled Halbmaier)
|Munich||c.1900-1908||harp guitars, quintbass, theorboed lute-guitars|
|Hammerschmidt, Karl (& Sons)||harp guitar|
|Hammig, Friedrich Aug.||Markneukirchen||.||harp guitar|
|Hansel, Carl||Dresden||1842?||harp guitar|
|Hansen, Hans J.||Chicago, IL||1891||harp guitar patent and instrument|
|Harlan, Peter||Markneukirchen||1925||harp guitar|
|Harmony||Chicago, IL||1892-1979||harp guitar|
( J.W. Jenkins brand)
|Kansas/New York?||from 1885?||harp guitars|
|Hartmann Bros. & Reinhard||New York||1880-1901+||harp guitar|
|Hauser, Hermann I||Munich||c.1909-1915||harp guitars, theorboed lute-guitars|
|Heerbeck, Hubert||.||.||harp guitar|
|Heidegger, Eduard||.||.||harp guitar|
|Heinel, Morik||Markneukirchen||.||theorboed lute-guitar|
"Guitarren mit 4 Basssaiten" (no images) Source: Der Gitarrefreund
|Hess, Ernst||Klingenthal||.||harp guitars|
Hilanj made violins, zither and guitars. A schlagzither in the Leipzig museum is attributed to c.1845. Date of this harp guitar is unknown.
|Wels, Austria||c.1845-?||harp guitar|
|Hinz, Richard||.||.||harp guitar|
|Hoffman, Johann H.||Stockholm, Sweden||1951||false Swedish lute|
|Hofner, Karl||Bubenreuth, Germany||1952||harp guitars||13- and 15-string Bass-Guitarren|
|Höllinger, A.||Kiel, Germany||.||theorboed lute-guitar|
|Holzapfel, Carl C.
/ Holzapfel & Beitel
Holzapfel was a German violin maker who made some Stella-like 12-string guitars alone and with his partner
|Baltimore||c.1900||harp guitars||(< att)|
|Hornsteiner, Adolf||Mittenwald||c.1950||harp guitars|
|House of Stathopoulo
House of Stathopoulo Harp Guitar
|New York||1910||harp guitar|
|Howard ( Wurlitzer brand)||.||.||harp guitar|
|Hoyer, Walter||.||.||harp guitar|
Graslitz was a town in former "Boehmen" which belonged to Austria till 1918; then belonged to the new founded state of "Czecheslovakia" from 1918), Czech Republic (the actual name after splitting Czechia and Slovakia into two separate states in 1993). -Martin Albert
A well known maker of banjos
|New York||c. 1910-1930||harp guitar|
|Jacob, Richard||Leipzig||c.1933-1948||harp guitars|
|Jenkins, G.||Montreal, Canada||c.1900||harp guitar|
|Jenkins Sons, J.W. (see Harwood, Washington)||Kansas City, MO||1878-1902+||.||.|
|Jerusalem, J.P.||Germany||c.1900||harp guitar|
("Achillo JOCOMO" on label)
Patent for this harp guitar taken out in 1897. Inst at left marked 5/1900. Inst at right suspected instrument by this maker.
|Marseille, France||est 1887-1940||harp guitars|
|Jühling, F.||Dresden||c.1911-1915||false Swedish lute|
|Kaltenbacher, E.||.||.||harp guitar|
|Kellerman, A.||Cologne||.||harp guitar|
|Kerschensteiner, Franz Xaver (1839-1935)||Regensburg||1898-1935?||harp guitars|
Researcher Andreas Stevens identified this maker as the likely builder of the instrument at right.
|Klingberg, C. H. (likely the repairer)
I now believe this to be a c.1840 Otto Selling instrument later repaired by Klingberg. -GM
|Knudsen, Carl (c.1818-1869)||Copenhagen, Denmark||1846-1869||harp guitar|
|Knutsen, Chris Special Site!||Port Townsend, WA > Tacoma, WA > Seattle, WA > ? > Los Angeles, CA||1895-1930||harp guitars - Hawaiian guitars - mandolins, hollow arm guitars - mandolins - ukes (harp form)|
|Kochendörfer, Paul||Stuttgard||1914-1923||harp guitar, theorboed lute-guitar|
|Kriner, Lorenz||Stuttgart, Germany||c.1870||harp guitar|
|Kruse, Wilhelm||Markneunkirchen||c.1937||harp guitars, theorboed lute-guitars, false Swedish lutes|
|Kunzmann, Johann||Munich||.||harp guitar|
|Lacôte, René François
|Paris, France||1785-1855(?)||harp guitars|
|Lagler, Johann||Vienna||1852||harp guitar|
|Lakeside (see Lyon & Healy)||.||.||.||.|
|Lamblin||Gent, Belgium||1807||harp guitar|
|Langecker, L.||Munich||1927||harp guitar|
|Langer, Karl||Vienna||1935||harp guitar|
|Larson, August & Carl
(See Dyer, Leland, Mauer, Meyers, Stahl, Truax)
|Chicago, IL||1901-1944||harp guitars|
See Blog Feature
|Italy||1938||hollow arm mandolin|
Lecchi was one of three students of the great luthier Cesare Candi. - Alberto Giordano
|Lederer, Horst||.||.||harp guitar|
Ledhuy called his triple-neck instrument the "Lyre-Organisée"
|Leirolo, Angelo||Genoa?||1920||harp guitar|
|Leland, L. S. (Washburn brand. Possibly Larson built)||Chicago, IL||c.1912||harp guitar|
|Lemböck, Gabriel (1814-1892)||Vienna||1840-1890||harp guitar|
|Levin, Herman C.
First based in New York, Levin patented a guitar & mandolin double-neck on Dec 21, 1897 (see Patents). He then relocated to Sweden where his company produced "Scholander-lutes" and harp guitars (information provided by Paul Holland).
|New York > Sweden||1896-1930s||harp guitars, false Swedish lutes|
|Light, Edward||London, England||1798-c.1820||"harp-guitar" in name only (harp-lute family)|
|Livermore, Ernest N. (see also The Knutsen Archives)||Port Townsend, WA||1896||hollow arm mandolin & violin (harp form) patents|
|Longobardi, Catello||Schenectady, NY||1914||hollow arm mandolin (harp form) patent|
|Lotz, Robert||Leipzig||c.1820||harp guitar|
"Bassguitarren mit 4 bis 9 Kontrasaiten, Bassguitarren in Wappenform, Basslauten mit 4 bis 9 Kontrasaiten (no images). Source: Der Gitarrefreund
|Cologne||c.1911-1912||harp guitars, theorboed lute-guitars|
|Lührs, Johann||Oldenburg, Germany||1922||Harfenlaute patent|
|Luis, Harry G.||San Quentin, CA||1917||harp guitar-mandolin patent|
|Lund, Lundfred (c.1800-c.1875)||Copenhagen, Denmark||1844-1875||harp guitar|
|Lund, Thorvald (1876-1930)||Copenhagen, Denmark||1917-1930||false Swedish lutes|
|Lyon & Healy
(American Conservatory, College Line, Lakeside, Washburn
|Chicago, IL||1864-present||harp guitars|
Special Members Only Feature!
|Italy > London > France > New York||.||harp guitars|
|Majestic - Puntolillo brandname||.||c.1920||harp guitar|
|Mannello, Angelo||New York, NY||1886-1906||harp guitar|
An Italian violin builder from Milan, 1855-1930 - Peter Smolders
|Turin, Italy||1884||harp guitar|
|Martin, Christian F.||Nazareth, PA||1833-present||harp guitars, hollow arm mandolin (harp form)|
|Martin, Jos.||Würzburg||.||harp guitar|
Masetti, Fratelli (Fratelli Brothers)
|Mast, Joseph||.||1827||"harp guitar" in name only|
Bruno built the "chitarpas" designed by Italo Meschi
|Spezia, Italy||1911-1920s||harp guitars|
(harp guitars built
by the Larsons)
This brand name has a very convoluted history. Regardless, this harp guitar is believed to be Larson-built.
|McVey, George J.||Lincoln, NE||1918||hollow arm mandolin (harp form) patent and attributed instrument|
Meinel & Herold
The M & H catalog pages are dated 1940.
|.||?-1940||harp guitars, theorboed lute-guitars|
Unknown how this Meinel relates to the other.
|.||1900||false Swedish lute|
|Mettal, Ignaz||Schönbach (Bohemia)||c.1900-1917, 1934?||harp guitars|
|Meyers, H.F. (some or all believed to be Larson built)||Chicago, IL||c.1910||harp guitars|
|Moller, Johannes (1888-1963)||Copenhagen, Denmark||1921-1963||false Swedish lutes|
|Montagna, Giulio||Genoa||1931||harp guitar|
A. & Sons
|Milan||.||harp guitars, hollow arm mandolin (harp form)|
|Mostböck, Otto||Vienna||1925||harp guitar|
|Mouroux, Louis||Seine, France||1959||harp guitar patent|
A celebrated Italian guitar virtuoso who some consider the Italian equivalent of Tarrega. Though he borrowed his basic designs from Schenck, I consider him the Italian Knutsen - a wild imagination with seemingly no two harp guitars alike!
|Italy||c.1910-1943||harp guitars, hollow-arm guitars and mandolins|
|Müller, Josef||harp guitar|
|Müller, Karl||Augsburg, Bavaria||c.1904-1917||harp guitars|
The well-known harp maker created what some historians consider the oldest surviving "harp guitar," but I consider it a lute-guitar hybrid.
|Neuner & Hornsteiner||Mittenwald||1912?||harp guitars, theorboed lute-guitars, false Swedish lutes|
|Nordwall, Aron||Chicago, IL||1901||harp guitar patent|
|Nowy, Franz||Vienna||mid-1900's||harp guitars||?|
|Buenos Aires||c.1910-1920||harp guitar|
|Obrecht, Josef||Vienna||1936||harp guitar|
Like many of the Lacote instruments, this instrument was modified by Coste.
|Oscar Schmidt Company
(see also Stella and Sovereign)
|Newark, NJ||1879-1978||harp guitars|
|Otwin (see Windisch, Otto)||.||.||.||.|
Founded in 1848, the "k&"k" on the front of their catalog is denotes the "Hungarian-Austrian monarchy" that ended at the close of WW1 in 1918. -Christian Steinbrecher
|Bohemia||pre-1918||harp guitars, false Swedish lutes|
|Pacquet||Marseille||c.1784, 1774||"harp guitar" in name only (arpi-guitare), bissex|
Copied from, or built by, Puntolillo?
|New York City||c.1920||harp guitar|
|Passarelli, Dominick A.||Danbury, CT||1917||harp guitar patent|
|Paulus, Adolf||Koln||1924||theorboed lute-guitar|
|Perlgold (a division of Kurt Gropp Musical Instrument Company)||Leipzig||1954||harp guitar|
|Pesenti, Marion & Capaccioni, Oreste||Genoa||1911||harp guitar|
|Pfretzschner, G. A.||.||.||harp guitar|
See The Harp Guitars of Settimio Gazzo
and Other Genoese Luthiers
For one of the most prolific followers (copyists) of Settimio Gazzo (who built Taraffo's instruments), it is surprising that nothing is known of Poggi.
|Porto & Figli (Sons), Rosario
See Knutsen Patents
|Sicily||1898-1903||hollow arm guitars, hollow arm mandolins|
|Prenosil, Otto||Jihlava (now Czech Republic)||1943||harp guitars|
Clearly influenced by Candi, nothing further is known of this fascinating maker.
|Prisner, Josef||Vienna||19--||harp guitar|
|Puntolillo, Gaetano F. (see Majestic brand)||Naples/New York||c.1920||harp guitar|
This well known, highly regarded, and extremely prolific maker made "bass-guitars," "bogengitarres," "Nordic lutes" and even a lyre-guitar - of every possible design.
|Munich||c.1900-1917||harp guitars, false Swedish lute, lyre-guitar||
According to scholar Stephen Sedgwick, Ramirez built at least one 9-string and one 11-string harp guitar (the latter barely discernible in the pictured shop window on the right). He adds that Segovia's famous Ramirez was originally an 11-string.
|Ramqvist, A||Söderbärke, Sweden||1897||harp guitar|
|Rapisarda, V.||Italy||1936||harp guitar|
(appears to be the remains of a double-neck with 3 sub-basses)
|Genova, Italy||1866||harp guitar|
|Rauschmayr, Erich||.||.||harp guitar|
|Regal (Wulshner brand)
A split-off company of Wulschner. Other Wuslchner companies were also involved in the production of these instruments. See the Wulschner entries below.
The Regal brand and logo were sold to a new group of businessmen. Eventually that company produced its own, completely different harp guitars.
|Chicago, IL||1908-1954||harp guitars, hollow arm mandolin|
|Rehbach, Rudolf||Nürnberg||1922||harp guitar patent|
Reisinger is said to have helped modify the Scherzer 10-course harp guitar into the "Schrammel guitar" with up to 12 sub-basses.
Ludwig Reisinger was a student of Johann Bucher from 1877 to 1887. In his last year, 1887, he opened his own workshop in Vienna. His guitars followed the Stauffer method very closely, based upon the Luigini Legnani model guitar, still using the free floating adjustable neck. There are at least two known harp guitars made by Reisinger. He was a well respected late 19th century Viennese luthier who also made zithers and violins. - Stephen Sedgwick
|Rieche, J.R.||Denmark?||.||false Swedish lute|
|Ries (Riess), Nicolaus Georg (1790-1857)||Vienna||1830-1858||harp guitar|
His known harp guitar is labeled "Antonio Monzino & Figli" (sold through the Monzino & Sons shop)
|Rocca, Giuseppe||Turin||1853||harp guitar|
|Rosenberger-Margot, Jacob-Damien||Lausanne, Switzerland||1894||harp guitar patent|
His known harp guitar is labeled Antonio Monzino & Figli" (sold through the Monzino & Sons shop)
Roudhloff, D.& A.
The brothers D.& A. Roudhloff were prolific makers in London who copied both the styles of Panormo and Lacôte with equal success. The "improved Melophonic Guitar" was a popular model offering two extra strings in the bass, a short playing stringlength of 599mm, and was built either with the traditional rosewood back and sides or in solid pine for the belly, back and sides. -Ian Watchorn
|Savains||Paris||late 18th century||harp guitar|
|Scanzoni, Giuseppe||Cantania||1895||harp guitar|
|Schandl, Karl||Mittenwald||.||harp guitar|
(Schenck), Friedrich (c.1800-c.1865)
Schenk, whose father was a guitar player and teacher, was a disciple of Johann Georg Staufer. The "lyra" form (far left) was built for the Vienna World Exhibition in 1839. He also may have made the first "bogenguitarres" (the hollow bass arm and headstock forms). Both of these incredible designs directly influenced Mozzani decades later. He also built the 10-course invention (far right) of Croatian guitarist Ivan Padovec in 1841.
|Scherr, Emilius Nicolai (1794-1874)||Philadelphia, PA||1831||"harp guitar" in name only|
|Scherzer, Johann Gottfried (1802-1870)
Scherzer was known to have won first prize for ‘best guitar’ at the
celebrated guitar competition in Brussels 1852 organized by Makaroff.
|Schlesinger, Adolf||Vienna||,||harp guitar|
|Schlägel, Emil||Markneunkirchen||1932||harp guitars, theorboed lute-guitars, false Swedish lutes|
|Schmidt, Oscar (see Oscar Schmidt Company)||.||.||.||.|
|Schulz (Schultz), August||Nuremberg||c.1903-1917||harp guitars, theorboed lute-guitars|
|Schuster, Carl Gottlob||.||1824 (birth date?)||harp guitar|
|Schuster, Heinr. Moritz||Markneukirchen||1925?||harp guitars, theorboed lute-guitar, false Swedish lute|
|Schuster, L. P.
"Bassguitarren" (no image) Source: Der Gitarrefreund
|Schuster Brothers (Gebrüder
Founded in 1854. One of the guitar brand names was "Cid." -Christian Steinbrecher
|Markneukirchen||c.1920s||harp guitars, theorboed lute-guitars|
|Schuster & Co.||Markneukirchen||?||harp guitars, false Swedish lutes|
|Seboldt, Felix||Munich||c.1920s||harp guitars|
|Selling, Otto Fredrik
Otto Fredrik Selling lived and was active as a luthier in Stockholm during the 3rd quarter of the 19th century. He made both guitars and bowed instruments and there are indications that he made pianos too. Three 6-string guitars and four preserved bass-guitars (three 10-string examples and one 12-string example) by Selling are known. Otto F. Selling build his guitars in the Viennese style but differ from those made by other makers through small details, like beautifully carved wood on the bridge. An eye-catching aspect of the Selling guitar is the long characteristic headstock with carved sideward violoncello scroll that carries back-standing tuning pegs. This is seen on five of the seven known guitars by Otto Frederik Selling. -Alex Timmerman
|Stockholm, Sweden||c.1850-1875||harp guitars|
|Selmer (see Maccaferri)||France||.||.||.|
|Shaeffer, Arling||Chicago||1890-1912+||harp guitar patent, Shaeffer lutes|
|Shutt, Albert||Topeka, KS||c.1912-1963||harp guitars|
|K. F. Simon & Co.
Known label reads "Manufacturers of and dealers in the Celebrated Almcrantz guitars and all kinds of musical instruments" (see Almcrantz)
|Simon, Mathias||Mittenwald||.||harp guitar|
Part of the MUSIMA group; produced instruments until the mid-1990s. -Christian Steinbrecher
|Markneukirchen / Klingenthal||?||harp guitars, theorboed lute-guitars|
|Sovereign ( Oscar Schmidt brand)||.||until 1935||harp guitars|
|Stahl, William C. (harp guitars built by the Larson brothers)||Milwaukee, WI||1903-1925+||harp guitars|
|Stark, Paul||Markneukirchen||1893?||harp guitars|
|Stauffer (Staufer), Johann Georg (1778–1853)
See Blog Feature
Both spellings were used by the maker himself. A double-necked guitar (Doppelgitarre) made in 1807 was not a harp guitar. See Stauffer & Co (2011) for the latest information.
|Stauffer (Staufer), Johann Anton (1805–1871)
Son of the famous J. G. Staufer, J.A. may have had more to do with the training of the guitar pupils, like harp guitar makers Scherzer and Schenk. He also built (or sold) nearly all of the Staufer harp guitars. Certain pictured specimens at right may be suspect.
|Stella ( Oscar Schmidt brand)||.||until 1935||harp guitars|
|Stewart (fancy Wurlitzer brand?)||.||.||harp guitar|
|Stecher, Josef||Salzburg||.||harp guitar|
|Stochholm, Peder (1843-1921)||Copenhagen, Denmark||1903-1921||false Swedish lutes|
|Stöhr, Carl||St. Pölten, Austria||.||harp guitar|
|Stöhr, Franz||Wiener Neustadt, Austria||1934||harp guitar|
|Strobel, Fritz||Klingenthal||1930s||harp guitar|
This little known American maker copied Scherr's well-known "patent harp-guitar" of the 1830s.
|Boston||c.1853||harp-guitar in name only|
Brand name of Sears Roebuck & Co, possible made by Harmony
Swosil was likely a pupil of Scherzer and built a
number of these instruments with 13 strings. The guitar played by
Strohmayer in the Schrammel Quartet photos is by Josef Swosil,
|Tabbert, Henry G.
According to jfrenchbanjos.com, the label reads:
|Cincinnati, OH||1900||harp guitar|
|Thibouville-Lamy & Co., Jérome||Paris||c.1900||harp guitar|
|Thomsen, Anders (1911-1996)||Copenhagen, Denmark||1936-1996||harp guitar|
|Tiefenbrunner, Georg (1811-1880?)||Munich||c. 1880||harp guitar|
|Tieri, Raffaele (possibly repairman only)||New York, NY||c.1920s||harp guitars|
|Tittmann, Otto||.||.||theorboed lute-guitar|
|de Torres, Antonio (1817-1892)
A total of three 11-course harp guitars are known by this famed maker of Spanish guitars. - Stephen Sedgwick
|Tosi Music Company||63 Hanover Street, Boston, Mass||c.1900s||harp guitar|
|Tournier, Joseph Alexis||Paris||19th century||harp guitar|
|Towell, Thomas E.||Arkansas||1941||harp guitar patent|
|Trapp, Hermann||Germany/Bohemia||c.1905||harp guitars|
|Truax Adjustable Bridge Co (possibly made by Larson)||Battle Creek, MI||c.1902||harp guitars|
|Turturro, Nicola||New York City||1905-1909||harp guitar attachment patent|
Image of Uhlmeyer's shop here.
|Vallejo, Rafael||Granada||1789-92||harp guitar|
|Ventura, Enrico||Genoa?||1900s||harp guitar|
|Vinaccia, Pasquale & Sons||Naples||1883||harp guitar|
Unknown is this is an original 7th floating string.
|Vizzari, A||Milan||c.1920s||harp guitar|
|Voight, Armin E.||Markneukirchen||c.1910||harp guitars, false Swedish lutes|
|Volkman, Anton||.||.||harp guitar|
|Volkmar Scherzer||Markneukirchen||c.1930||harp guitar|
"Kontra-Bassguitarren" (no image, claims a patent on this) Source: Der Gitarrefreund
|Waldo Manufacturing Co.||Saginaw, MI||1891-1903+||harp guitar|
|Washburn (Lyon & Healy brand)||.||1883-1928||harp guitars, hollow arm guitars (lyre form)|
According to Mugwumps, a J.W. Jenkins brand (seen in the 1930 Tonk Bros catalog)
|Kansas City, MO||?-1930||harp guitar|
|Wesely, Josef||Vienna||.||harp guitar|
|Weymann & Son, H.A.||Philadelphia, PA||1864-1940s||harp guitars|
|Wichard, Frank F.||Benton, St. Louis, MO||c.1884||harp guitar|
|Wichmann, Gottfried||Magdeburg, Germany||1921||capo-system for harp guitars patent|
|Willadsen, Einar||Copenhagen, Denmark||1898||false Swedish lute|
|Windisch, Otto (Otwin brand guitars)
No examples known. The 5 instruments pictured from existing catalogs, and 2 intriguing mentions of a "Lyra-Gitarre" and "Lyra-Mandoline" in his 1909 catalog. -Christian Steinbrecher
|Markneukirchen||1909||harp guitar, theorboed lute-guitar, false Swedish lute, Tielke bass-lute, "Harp Lute"|
|Wichmann, Gottfried||Magdeburg, Germany, Stettin, Germany||1920-1921||harp guitar capo system patent|
(or Wohlfahrt? Label hard to read)
(built in what became Czechoslovakia, and is now split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia)
|Wolfsecker, A.||.||.||harp guitar|
|Wretling, Bo||Stockholm, Sweden||1947||false Swedish lute|
|Wulshner & Son
There are three separate split-off companies of the original Emil Wulshner company. Strangely, the clues point to all three being involved in the production of the strange Regal harp guitars with the short bass strings. At least some of these instruments are believed to be Larson built.
|Indianapolis, IN||c.1899-1900||harp guitars||(see Regal brand)|
|Wulshner Music Company||Indianapolis, IN||c.1900||harp guitars||(see Regal brand)|
|Wunderlich, Carl Anton||Siebenbrunn (near Markneukirchen)||1938||harp guitar, theorboed lute-guitars|
|Wurlitzer, Rudolph||Cincinnati, OH||1856-1940s||harp guitars|
|Zalud, Pavel||Terezín, Czechoslovakia||c.1900||harp guitar|
|Zimmer, Max||Nuremberg||c.1910-1913||theorboed lute-guitar|
|Zimmermann, Julius Heinrich||Leipzig, St. Petersburg||1890s-1920s||Russian & German harp guitars, false Swedish lutes, theorboed lute-guitars|
Key contributors to this page:
Michael Holmes of Mugwumps Online, Benoit Meulle-Stef, Stephen Sedgwick, Christian Steinbrecher, Alex Timmerman
Other contributors: Martin Albert, Kenneth Brogger, Paul Holland, Peter Smolders, Gary Southwell, Oleg Timofeyev, Len Verrett, Ian Watchorn
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