Organology: Harp Guitar "Relatives"
Note to the casual reader or researcher: This Reference Gallery features historical instruments that are not harp guitars, but “relatives” or distant “cousins” – presented on Harpguitars.net for historical and organological comparison.
Not to be confused with harp guitars, as there are no unstopped strings. Includes double or multi-neck guitars, where each neck is fully fretted and capable of standard playing.
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|Alexandre Voboam, 1690||This
interesting instrument (French?), once listed as a "harpolyre"
in the Yale University Collection of Musical Instruments (formerly in
the Belle Skinner Collection at left, with non-original base), is an
unrelated triple-neck guitar. Center neck is standard, left neck is
likely terz, and right neck shorter scale (quart, quint, octave?).
© Yale University Collection of Musical Instruments
Photo credit: Alex Contreras
|Ward "Harpo-Guitaret," 1898, Pat #613,540||Levin, 1897, guitar-mandolin dbl-neck, Pat #D28,061||Levin guitar-mandolin||Englund, 1899, guitar-mandolin dbl-neck (with sympathetic strings), Pat #616,908|
1891, Pat #8918
3 of the 8 strings are underneath the fingerboard on a second fretted (with the thumb!) "neck."
Patent # 1,472,991
Almost identical to Lindemann's; 4 of the 8 strings run over a fingerboard on the back of the neck.
was a standard Washburn guitar that mechanical genius Demain Woods turned into a multi-stringed, multi-fretted,
mechanically-actuated one-man-band, ca. 1906. Even more astounding - the instrument survived, and sold on
eBay on June, 2004! All the various strings appear to have been mechanically
fretted - it's hard to tell from the pile of spare parts that came with it!
I think that the strings beneath that long decorative cover have
their own reverse fretboard, rather like the two previous patents - so I
believe it qualifies as a "multi-neck" rather than as a true harp guitar.
(see the tuxedoed Mr. Woods with the instrument in Iconography).
|Nonfri "Improved Combined Guitar and Mandolin," 1916, Pat #1,188,983||Montfort,
1927, U.S. Pat #D72,433
Patent # 445,860
New York, 1931
Patent # 1,828,315
|Nova Scotia, c.1930 (?)||Richardson,
Patent # 403,822
Rosler, Germany, 1956
Patent # 945,899
|Cogdell electric triple-neck guitar-mandolin, 1959, Pat #D186,688|
|Dawson electric guitar & mandolin double-neck, 1971, Pat #D224,841||
Ezaki, Japan, 1972
Patent # 3,636,809
Pelensky, Philadelphia, 1972
Patent # 3,392,618
Pat # BR8501179A
Triple-neck instrument he made for Led Zeppelin's John Paul Jones.
Todd Green, who commissioned this piece, usually plays the long neck basses open. Thus, he plays it in the manner of a harp guitar, though it is technically (and can be used as) a multi-neck guitar.
All strings are fully fretted.
An example that there is no limit to the number of necks a guitar can have.
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